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The Communist International (Comintern), known also as the Third International (1919–1943), was an international Communist organization. It was controlled by the Soviet Union and was involved in numerous crimes and conspiracies as part of the attempts to spread Communism.

The Comintern resolved at its Second Congress to:

struggle by all available means, including armed force, for the overthrow of the international bourgeoisie and the creation of an international Soviet republic as a transition stage to the complete abolition of the state.

In 1936 the Anti-Comintern Pact was set up by Germany and Japan. Italy and Hungary joined the Pact in 1937 and 1939 respectively.

On May 15, 1943, a declaration of the Executive Committee was sent out to all sections of the International, calling for the dissolution of the Comintern. It was agreed and the organisation was dissolved. This was presumably in order to not antagonize the Soviet Union's plutocratic Allies.[1]

After the end of the war, the Cominform was established as a replacement, lasting approximately to the death of Stalin.

See also


  • Brown, Anthony C., and MacDonald, Charles B., The Communist International and the Coming of World War II, Putnam, New York, 1981, ISBN: 0-399-12542-6