Annelies "Anne" Marie Frank (12 June 1929 – February/March 1945) may be the single most known Jew who died during World War II.
Anne Frank and her family hid during the German occupation of the Netherlands. They were discovered in 1944 and sent to Auschwitz. Anne Frank was eventually transferred to Bergen-Belsen, where she died of typhus in February/March 1945. Typhus is a disease that the pesticide and alleged homicidal agent Zyklon B counteracted by killing lice.
Anne Frank's diary described the period before the discovery and was published by her father Otto Frank after the war. The diary has been translated into numerous languages and there has been a minor industry of movies, television series, stage adaptions, exhibitions, and books based on and about the diary.
The emotional diary has often been used in Holocaust education and is frequently misrepresented as "documentary evidence" for the politically correct view on the Holocaust, despite the diary not covering the time period when Anne Frank was in one of the Holocaust camps, and despite Anne Frank and her family not being gassed.
Revisionist criticisms of the diary are also often misrepresented, such as by falsely implying that revisionists argue that Jews were not persecuted or deported, which is a straw man. Revisionist criticisms involving Anne Frank have concerned issues such as postwar economic exploitation (the "Holocaust industry") and the diary being one example of unreliability of claimed accounts related to the Holocaust, but not involved events such that Anne Frank was deported and died of typhus at Bergen-Belsen, which do not contradict the revisionist view on the Holocaust.
Revisionists have argued that, at the very least, forensic evidence has shown that someone or someones (likely involving at least Otto Frank) made "corrections" to the diary after the end of the war. Different revisionists have had different views on the extent and the author(s) of such non-Anne Frank parts. Also, Anne Frank herself did write that she intended to publish her writings as a novel. Hence, even those pieces that she actually wrote are to be understood as a novel, naturally based on her experiences, but not as a truthful diary. The professor of literature Robert Faurisson has described it as a literary fraud. Another critic who write a book on the diary was the early Holocaust revisionist Ditlieb Felderer.
In 2015, it was admitted by the Anne Frank Fund (which controls the copyright) that Otto Frank had "co-authored" the book. This would extend the copyright, which was about to expire. Agnès Tricoire, a lawyer specializing in intellectual property rights, responded by warning the foundation to "think very carefully about the consequences". She added "If you follow their arguments, it means that they have lied for years about the fact that it was only written by Anne Frank."
Another issue is dramatizations of the diary making various changes to the story.
Other less politically correct aspects include Otto Frank being accused of having been a "Nazi collaborator" and to have paid blackmail money in order to conceal this during the postwar years.
Ans van Dijk was a lesbian Jewess, who posed as a member of the anti-German resistance, but who after the war was sentenced to death for betraying 700 persons to the Germans. This in exchange for avoiding deportation herself and for bounty money for each person she reported. She has also been argued to have reported the hiding place of Anne Frank, supported by circumstances such that she was operating in the very neighborhood where the Frank family was hiding. Unlike Anne Frank, and despite being the only woman to be executed in the Netherlands after the war for wartime crimes, Ans van Dijk was for a long time almost completely unknown, even in "standard" and "official" mainstream descriptions that focused specifically on persecutions of Jews in the Netherlands during WWII. This lack of publicity has been argued to be related to the less politically correct aspects. The "Anne Frank House" museum in Amsterdam in 2016 stated that the hiding place could have been found by chance during a raid involving ration fraud, rather than due to betrayal.
Furthermore, none of the thirteen persons associated with Anne Frank and Anne Frank herself and who were sent to Auschwitz were gassed, which has been argued to support the revisionists.
"The camp was not really inefficient before you [British and American forces] crossed the Rhine. There was running water, regular meals of a kind […]. But then they suddenly began to send me trainloads of new prisoners from all over Germany. It was impossible to cope with them. […] Then as a last straw the Allies bombed the electric plant that pumped our water. Loads of food were unable to reach the camp because of the Allied fighters. Then things really got out of hand. […] I did not even have sufficient staff to bury the dead, let alone segregate the sick. […] I tried to get medicines and food for the prisoners and I failed. I was swamped."
- Holocaust Handbooks Series, Vol. 15. Germar Rudolf. Lectures on the Holocaust. Controversial Issues Cross Examined. Second Revised Edition. http://vho.org/GB/Books/loth/
- See the "External links" section regarding various criticisms.
- Anne Frank Diary Co-Authored by Father http://peterwinterwriting.blogspot.hu/2015/11/anne-frank-diary-co-authored-by-father.html
- Doreen Carvajal, Anne Frank's Diary Gains 'Co-Author' in Copyright Move dated November 13, 2015 https://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/14/books/anne-frank-has-a-co-as-diary-gains-co-author-in-legal-move.html?_r=0
- Revisionist Notebook http://vho.org/tr/2003/4/Smith364-366.html
- On Traitors and Victims: The Ans van Dijk Story http://www.theoccidentalobserver.net/2011/12/04/on-traitors-and-victims-the-ans-van-dijk-story/
- Anne Frank may have been discovered by chance, new study says http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-38349353
- The Importance of Anne Frank. http://revblog.codoh.com/2014/06/the-importance-of-anne-frank/
- Germar Rudolf. Lectures on the Holocaust—Controversial Issues Cross Examined 2nd, revised and corrected edition. Holocaust Handbooks. http://holocausthandbooks.com/index.php?page_id=15
- Is The Diary of Anne Frank genuine? - Robert Faurisson (1982)
- Anne Frank's Handwriting: Historical News and Comment - Robert Faurisson (1989)
- Is the Diary of Anne Frank Genuine? Preface to the Italian edition - Robert Faurisson (2000)
- The Diary of Anne Frank: Is it Genuine? An Update - Robert Faurisson (2001)
- The Faurisson Affair, A Review
- The Importance of Anne Frank
- Anne Frank Diary Co-Authored by Father
- Revisionist Notebook
- Anne Frank’s Diary a Hoax (1979)
Note that besides the external sources listed here, an alleged Holocaust confessor/witness may be extensively discussed in the external sources listed in the articles on the particular Holocaust camps and/or other Holocaust phenomena the individual is associated with.