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The Zulu is a Bantu people in Southern Africa, mainly in South Africa.

The Zulu king Shaka (1787 – 1828), still praised by some Zulus, created a military kingdom associated with the Mfecane ("crushing, scattering, forced dispersal, forced migration"), with estimates for the death toll in the range from 1 million to 2 million. "One element in Shaka's destruction was to create a vast artificial desert around his domain... 'to make the destruction complete, organized bands of Zulu murderers regularly patrolled the waste, hunting for any stray men and running them down like wild pig'... An area 200 miles to the north of the center of the state, 300 miles to the west, and 500 miles to the south was ravaged and depopulated."

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