Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome

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Patriarchate of Rome and All the West
Orthodox Church.png
Existence 33-1054
Type Autocephalous Church of the Orthodox Church
Location Roman Empire, Francia, Germania, Byzantium, Ireland, England, Scotland, Wales, Brittany, Lombard Italy, Venice, Visigoth Spain, Gallaecia, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Hungary, Poland
Headquarters Lateran Palace, Rome
Leader St. Peter (33-67)
Pope Leo IX (1049-1054)
Founder Ss. Peter and Paul

The Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome, also called the Patriarchate of Rome and All the West, are terms to describe the situation of the Church in the West according to Orthodox Christian historiography, before the Great Schism of 1054.


It is considered by them to have been part of the pentarchy as one of the autocephalous churches of the Orthodox Church, along with Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem.[1] The head of the episcopal see, the Pope of Rome, is regarded by the Orthodox to have had precidence as first amongst equals, but not jurisdictional supremacy;[2] these privileges are held to have passed to the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople after the schism.

The area covered largely consisted of the Western Roman Empire in Europe and the Western part of North Africa. There was a significant problem with the Arian heresy, which was prominent amongst some Germanic tribes in particular. However, the conquests of Justinian the Great, coupled with the conversion of Clovis, King of the Franks to Orthodox-Catholic Christianity meant the tide began to sway against Arianism amongst the Patriarchate of Rome. The Muslim conquests reduced the Christian civic power of states loyal to the Patriarchate of Rome in Iberia and North Africa. Until the 8th century, it covered much of Greece also, until the Patriarchate of Constantinople was expanded.

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  1. The Church of Cyprus was also recognised as autocephalous by the Council of Ephesus, the Third Ecumenical Council, in 431 and fully recognised by 478. It was under the Archbishop of Cyprus and had apostolic succession from St. Barnabas.
  2. Catholics, who also consider this period of history simply that of their Church, reject this idea and claim that the Roman Pontiff has always had Universal jurisdiction over the entire Church from the time of St. Peter. This idea is held by the Orthodox on the otherhand to have been rejected throughout history by all the other Patriarchates.