Masada (Hebrew meaning "fortress") is an ancient fortification in Israel situated on top of an isolated rock plateau.
According to the Jewish historian Josephus who lived during the time of the Roman Empire, the siege of Masada by Roman troops from 73 to 74 CE, at the end of the First Jewish–Roman War, ended in the mass suicide of the 960 Jewish rebels.
Masada is one of Israel's most popular tourist attractions.
Israeli soldiers have had swearing-in ceremonies on top of Masada, ending with the declaration: "Masada shall not fall again." The soldiers climbed up at night and were sworn in with torches lighting the background. These ceremonies are now also held at various other locations.
There are revisionist views, see the "External links" section.