Human Genetic Diversity: Lewontin's Fallacy is a 2003 paper by A.W.F. Edwards that criticizes Richard Lewontin's well-known argument against the existence of races. See Arguments regarding the existence of races: Genetic variation between populations compared to the genetic variation in populations and in particular the section "Lewontin's fallacy".
More generally, critics may refer to Lewontin's argument and this criticism of it as Lewontin's fallacy.
- Human Genetic Diversity: Lewontin's Fallacy BioEssays Volume 25, Issue 8, Date: August 2003, Pages: 798-801