Ho Chi Minh

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Hồ Chí Minh (real name Nguyen Ai Quoc) (19 May, 1890 – 2 September, 1969) was a North Vietnamese communist schoolteacher who became Prime Minister (1946–1955) and President (1946–1969) of North Vietnam.

He led the Viet Minh communist terrorist movement from 1941 onward, establishing the communist-governed so-called Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945. In 1954 at the battle of Dien Bien Phu the French army became entrapped and were defeated by the communist forces. Ho lost political power inside North Vietnam in the late 1950s, but remained as the highly visible figurehead president until his death. After the defeat of South Vietnam, the capital Saigon, was renamed Ho Chi Minh City.