Ho Chi Minh

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Hồ Chí Minh (May 19, 1890September 2, 1969) was a Vietnamese communist leader who was Prime Minister (1946–1955) and President (1946–1969) of the North Vietnam.

Ho led the Viet Minh guerilla movement from 1941 onward, establishing the communist-governed Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at Dien Bien Phu. He lost political power inside North Vietnam in the late 1950s, but remained as the highly visible figurehead president until his death. After the defeat of South Vietnam, the capital Saigon, was renamed Ho Chi Minh City.

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