De Naturae Natura

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De Naturae Natura: A Study of Idealistic Conceptions of Nature & the Unconscious
Cover of the Arktos Edition
Author(s) Alexander Jacob
Cover artist Andreas Nilsson
Country London
Language English
Genre(s) Philosophy
Publisher Arktos
Publication year 2011
Pages 181
ISBN 978-1-907166-33-4

De Naturae Natura is a book by Dr. Alexander Jacob, who is known for his translations of German conservative thinkers and original works such as Nobilitas and Atman. The first edition of the book was published in 1991 by Franz Steiner Verlag. In 2011 it was reissued by Arktos.

Cover text

This study of European natural philosophy begins with the classical conceptions of Mind, Soul, Nature and the Unconscious and analyses the revival of these notions in the natural philosophy of the Renaissance and the Seventeenth century. The concept of the Unconscious acquired a major importance in the systems of the German vitalist biologists and the Idealistic philosophers of the Nineteenth century. Jacob shows how these various thinkers, as well as the German Romantic philosophers, and especially Schubert, Carus, Schopenhauer, and Hartmann, not only revived the ancient doctrines of the Soul in their metaphysical schemes but also anticipated the psychological theories of Jung, who, as a psychologist and philosopher, serves as the culminating point of the work. In the Appendix, the author points to the natural philosophical bases of the discussions of racial differences that emerged in the Nineteenth century alongside the investigations into the spiritual capacities of mankind, including references to Houston Stewart Chamberlain and Alfred Rosenberg. [1] [2]


  • Preface
  • I. Greek idealists: Plato - Aristotle - the Stoics - Plotinus
  • II. Renaissance idealists: Cusanus - Ficino - Bruno - Agrippa - Paracelsus - Bohme
  • III. English idealists: More - Cudworth - Berkeley
  • IV. German vitalists I: Stahl - Treviranus - Burdach
  • V. German vitalists II: Muller - Fechner - Lotze
  • VI. German idealists I: Schelling - Eschenmayer - Hegel
  • VII. German idealists II: Baader - Gorres - Troxler
  • VIII. Philosophers of the Unconscious I: Schubert - Carus
  • IX. Philosophers of the Unconscious II: Schopenhauer - Hartmann
  • X. Philosophers of the Unconscious III: Nietzsche - Klages - Jung
  • Epilogue
  • Appendix: Nature, the Unconscious, and Race
  • Bibliography


  1. Alexander Jacob, De Naturae Natura. (London: Arktos, 2011)
  2. It should be noted to certain interested readers that De Naturae Natura contains many large quotes throughout its text from works by various French and German authors (the latter being more common) which are not translated. Jacob excuses this by stating that he expects a knowledge of French and German from people interested in "a book such as this," but this will be an unfortunate discovery for those who are not multilingual. Fortunately, Jacob's other key books do not have this deficiency.

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