Communism and Freemasonry
As discussed in the article on Freemasonry, Freemasonry has often been seen as promoting "leftist" agendas, especially before Communism became an important leftist ideology/movement. However, Freemasonry preceded Communism and has generally been seen as promoting less extreme changes.
Communist states usually prohibited Freemasonry (and other movements considered potentially subversive). However, Salvador Allende was famous for his freemasonry and Cuba under Fidel Castro has never outlawed it. Leon Trotsky in his studies cited masonic groups such as the Carbonari and Illuminati as proto-communistic. The French Trotskyist Frédéric Zeller was Grand Master of the Grand Orient de France.
|“||It was during that period that I became interested in freemasonry.
In the eighteenth century freemasonry became expressive of a militant policy of enlightenment, as in the case of the Illuminati, who were the forerunners of the revolution; on its left it culminated in the Carbonari. Freemasons counted among their members both Louis XVI and the Dr. Guillotin who invented the guillotine. In southern Germany freemasonry assumed an openly revolutionary character, whereas at the court of Catherine the Great it was a masquerade reflecting the aristocratic and bureaucratic hierarchy. A freemason Novikov was exiled to Siberia by a freemason Empress.
I discontinued my work on freemasonry to take up the study of Marxian economics. The work on freemasonry acted as a sort of test for these hypotheses. I think this influenced the whole course of my intellectual development.
- Another look at Freemasonry in Cuba
- Trotsky as Freemason at Red Ice Creations
- Conversations with Allende at Grand Lodge of BC and Yukon
- Trotsky on Freemasonry at Grand Lodge of BC & Yukon
- Communism and Freemasonry, The Red Dragon and the Black Beast at FreemasonryWatch
- Trotsky on Freemasonry. Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved on 14 March 2012.