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Banner of the Carbonari.

The Carbonari (Italian for "charcoal makers") were members an informal network of secret revolutionary organizations active in early 19th-century Italy, supporting liberal and patriotic ideas. Although various theories have been advanced as to the origins of the Carbonari, the organization may have emerged as an offshoot of Freemasonry and as part of the spread of liberal ideas from the French Revolution. The association likely contributed to suspicions regarding Freemasonry by the Catholic Church and others.

The Italian Carbonari influenced other revolutionary groups and events in various countries.

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