"The Christmas Truce of 1914 did not change the course of the war very much. In future years, commanders were successful in suppressing similar occurrences. As the war progressed and especially after poison gas was introduced, soldiers gradually came to see their enemies as less than human, as was the intention of the higher officers on all sides. But it has continued to spark the popular imagination in the near-century since it took place. A Canadian historian has written:
- It [was] the last expression of that 19th-century world of manners and morals, where the opponent was a gentleman. The ones who survived, who lived to see other Christmases in the war, themselves expressed amazement that this had occurred. The emotions had changed to such a degree that the sort of humanity seen in Christmas 1914 seemed inconceivable."
- Joyeux Noёl: The Beginnings of WWI and the Christmas Truce of 1914 https://www.theoccidentalobserver.net/2019/12/25/joyeux-no%D1%91l-the-beginnings-of-wwi-and-the-christmas-truce-of-1914/