Bergen

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Bergen
—  City  —
Night view of Sandviken, Bergen
Bergen is located in Norway
Bergen
Coordinates: 60°23′22″N 5°19′48″E / 60.38944°N 5.33°E / 60.38944; 5.33
Country Norway
Region Western Norway
County Vestland
District Midhordland
Municipality Bergen
Established before 1070
Population (2021)
 - Total 285,911
Demonym Bergenser
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 5003-5098
Area code(s) (+47) 05556

Bergen is a city in Norway. It is the second-largest city in Norway.

History

Trading in Bergen may have started as early as the 1020s. According to tradition, the city was founded in 1070 by King Olav Kyrre and was named Bjørgvin. It served as Norway's capital in the 13th century, and from the end of the 13th century became a bureau city of the Hanseatic League. Throughout the 15th and 16th centuries, Bergen remained one of the largest cities in Scandinavia, and it was Norway's biggest city until the 1830s, when the capital city of Oslo became the largest. From around 1600, the Hanseatic dominance of the city's trade gradually declined in favour of Norwegian merchants, and in the 1750s, the Hanseatic Kontor finally closed.

World War II

During World War II, Bergen was occupied on the first day of the German invasion on 9 April 1940, after a brief fight between German ships and the Norwegian coastal artillery. On 20 April 1944, during the German occupation, the Dutch cargo ship Voorbode anchored off the Bergenhus Fortress, loaded with over 120 tons of explosives, and blew up, killing at least 150 people and damaging historic buildings. The city was subject to some Allied bombing raids, aimed at German naval installations in the harbour. Some of these caused Norwegian civilian casualties numbering about 200.

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