|Born||Howard Stanton Levey|
11 April 1930
Chicago, Illinois, United States
|Died||29 October 1997 (aged 67)|
San Francisco, California, United States
|Known for||LaVeyan Satanism|
|Occupation||performer, writer, musician|
Howard Stanton Levey (April 11, 1930 – October 29, 1997) better known by his pseudonym Anton Szandor LaVey, was an American-born Jewish self-promotion artist and intellectual crank known primarily for his advocacy of individualism. He authored a book called the “Satanic Bible” and founded an organisation which he named the “Church of Satan”. Essentially Levey acted as an Ayn Rand—style ideologue for participants in the alternative lifestyle and Gothic subcultures. The general thrust of his workings was to undermine the racial group loyalty of ethnic Europeans attracted to his movement, by promoting a radical materialistic individualism.
Whilst pure and unadulterated LaVeyan ideology, seems to have been an attempt to attack the "cultural norms" and group solidarity of ethnic European society, it also contained within it, influences from Friedrich Nietzsche and Gabriele d'Annunzio—used mostly as a rationale to attack Christianity. Some subtle redirections, have provided limited fruits for the expression of a fairly sophisticated pro-European and sometimes fascist alternative to the counter-culture. The best known examples of this are Boyd Rice, Death in June and Nikolas Schreck (married to Levey's daughter Zeena). Their sincerity is questioned by some, and may be an opportunist attempt at artistic transgression.
Three of Levey's grandparents were ethnically Jewish, including both paternal ancestors; Leon Levy and Emma Goldsmith, as well as maternal grandfather Boris Kolthoff. His remaining maternal grandparent was Cecile Luba Primokov, likely an ethnic Ukrainian. However, he claimed that she had been a gypsy.