Edward Alexander Crowley (12 October 1875–1 December 1947), better known as Aleister Crowley, was an Freemason who left a significant mark on early 20th century Occultism. He founded the occult philosophy of Thelema and was involved with various organisations such as the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn and the Ordo Templi Orientis; the latter of which he took over. Between the years 1920–1923 he ran a commune at Cefalù, Sicily known as the Abbey of Thelema, which soon became infamous; before being expelled by the government of Benito Mussolini.
|| After five years of folly and weakness, miscalled politeness, tact, discretion, care for the feeling of others, I am weary of it. I say today: the hell with Christianity, Rationalism, Buddhism, all the lumber of the centuries. I bring you a positive and primaeval fact, Magick by name; and with this I will build me a new Heaven and a new Earth. I want none of your faint approval or faint dispraise; I want blasphemy, murder, rape, revolution, anything, bad or good, but strong.