In Rabbinic Judaism, the Oral Torah are those laws, statutes, and legal interpretations that were not recorded in the Five Books of Moses, the Written Torah, but nonetheless are regarded by Orthodox Jews as prescriptive and co-given. The Talmud is the central text of Rabbinic Judaism.
See the "External links" section regarding the non-religious documentary hypothesis on the origin of the Five Books of Moses.
- Ancient History Encyclopedia: Torah -The section "Composition" describes the non-religious documentary hypothesis regarding the origins of the Five Books of Moses.
- Encyclopedia Britannica: Torah: Composition and authorship -Another article describing the documentary hypothesis.