T. St. John Gaffney
Thomas St. John Gaffney (1864-1945) was the former American consul at Dresden (1905-1912) and Munich (1914-1915) during the First World War. He was forced to resigned his diplomatic post by President Wilson in October 1915 because of his pro-German sentiments.
In the early 1930s he was associated with the American pro-Hitler group Friends of Germany.
Gaffney was born in Limerick, Ireland in 1864. In 1882 he arrived in the United States; seven years later he was admitted to the New York Bar.
- America in the Orient (1902) co-author Joseph Smith
- Breaking the Silence: England, Ireland Wilson and the War (1930)