Ahmed Salman Rushdie (born 19 June 1947) is an Indian-born novelist and essayist, partly educated in Britain where he lived for a time, later moving to the United States. Much of his fiction is set on the Indian subcontinent. His novel The Satanic Verses (1988) was the subject of a major controversy, provoking protests from Muslims in several countries. Death threats were made, including a fatwa (legal opinion on a point of Islamic law, sharia) calling for the assassination of Rushdie "along with all the editors and publishers aware of its contents", issued by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the Supreme Leader of Iran. Numerous killings, attempted killings, and bombings resulted in response to the novel. Also in Western countries, some Islamic individuals and organizations stated public support for the fatwa. The fatwa still stands, with there being a large reward for Rushdie's assassination.