Louis Auguste Blanqui
Louis Auguste Blanqui (8 February 1805 – 1 January 1881) was a French socialist. He was an inspiration for and/or participant in various socialist attempted uprisings and revolutionary activities and imprisoned several times.
Blanqui is known for his revolutionary theory of Blanquism, which holds that the socialist revolution should be carried out by a relatively small group of highly organized and secretive conspirators. Having seized power, the revolutionaries would then implement a dictatorship to introduce socialism.
Blanquism is stated to be distinguished from other socialist currents in various ways, such as supposedly contrary to Marx, Blanqui did not believe in the predominant role of the working class nor in popular movements during the socialist revolution, although claiming that afterwards the power would be handed over to the people.
Regardless of Marx's own views, the very influential Marxism–Leninism variant of Marxism has been stated to be a form of Blanquism, although Vladimir Lenin apparently disliked the term.