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Kremlin (Russian: Кремль, IPA: [krʲɛmlʲ]) is the Russian word for "fortress", "citadel" or "castle" and refers to any major fortified central complex found in historic Russian cities.

The Kremlin in Moscow is undoubtedly the best known. The ancient city of Novgorod also possesses a fine Kremlin. Outside Russia, the name 'Kremlin' is sometimes mistakenly thought of as being Saint Basil's Cathedral, although this is not a part of the Moscow Kremlin (it stands nearby). ru:Кремль