Joseph Raymond McCarthy (November 14, 1908 – May 2, 1957) was an American politician who served as a Republican U.S. Senator from the state of Wisconsin from 1947 until his death in 1957. By 1949 he drew attention to cases of torture to secure "confessions" at the Nuremberg Trials.. He was mainly known for uncovering the immense Communist infiltration of the American government, particularly the State Department and the US Army.
McCarthy was proven right with the opening of the Soviet archives and with the release of the Venona Files, showing that there had been large numbers of Communists and Soviet spies and sympathizers inside the United States federal government and elsewhere.
See also the article on McCarthyism and the "External links" there.
Born and raised on a Wisconsin farm, McCarthy earned a law degree at Marquette University in 1935 and was elected as a circuit judge in 1939, the youngest in state history. At age 33, McCarthy volunteered for the United States Marine Corps and served during World War II. He successfully ran for the United States Senate in 1946, defeating Robert M. La Follette, Jr. After several largely undistinguished years in the Senate, McCarthy rose suddenly to national fame in February 1950 when he asserted in a speech that he had a list of "members of the Communist Party and members of a spy ring" who were employed in the State Department.
In succeeding years, McCarthy made additional accusations of Communist infiltration into the State Department, the administration of President Truman, Voice of America, and the United States Army. He also used charges of communism, communist sympathies, or disloyalty to attack a number of politicians and other individuals inside and outside of government. With the highly publicized Army–McCarthy hearings of 1954, McCarthy's support and popularity began to fade. On December 2, 1954, the Senate voted to censure Senator McCarthy by a vote of 67 to 22, making him one of the few senators ever to be disciplined in this fashion. McCarthy died in Bethesda Naval Hospital on May 2, 1957, at the age of 48.
|“||Concerns that seemed more pressing bore down at the turn of the 1950s. The nation was in danger of succumbing to a red-baiting frenzy [sic], marked by the rise into the headlines of Senator Joseph R. McCarthy. Not surprisingly, the Council’s membership seemed solidly united in contempt for the Wisconsin demagogue [sic]; under his provocative rhetoric, after all, was a thinly veiled attack on the entire East Coast foreign policy establishment, whose members gathered regularly in the closed conference rooms of the Harold Pratt House.||”|
—Peter Grose, 1996, Continuing the Inquiry, The Council on Foreign Relations from 1921 to 1996.
- Barbara Kulaszka (Ed.) (1988) "Did Six Million Really Die?" Report of the Evidence in the Canadian "False News" Trial of Ernst Zündel - 1988, Aaargh reprint of the book originally published by Samisdat, 941 pages. page 40.
- Barbara Kulaszka (Ed.) (1988) "Did Six Million Really Die?" Report of the Evidence in the Canadian "False News" Trial of Ernst Zündel - 1988, Aaargh reprint of the book originally published by Samisdat, 941 pages. page 900. We read here that Senator McCarthy told the Press: "I have heard evidence and read documentary proofs to the effect that the accused persons were beaten up, maltreated and physically tortured by methods which could only be conceived in sick brains. They were subjected to mock trials and pretended executions, they were told their families would be deprived of their ration cards. All these things were carried out with the approval of the Public Prosecutor in order to secure the psychological atmosphere necessary for the extortion of the required confessions. If the United States lets such acts committed by a few people go unpunished, then the whole world can rightly criticise us severely and forever doubt the correctness of our motives and our moral integrity."
- William Schlamm (1954) Prologue. In: Buckley Jr. WM., F. & Brent Bozell (1954) McCarthy and his Enemies - The record and its meaning. Henry Regnery Company, Chigago, 413 pages.
- Morgan, Ted (2003). Judge Joe; How the youngest judge in Wisconsin's history became the country's most notorious senator.. Legal Affairs. Retrieved on 2006-08-02.
- Communists in Government Service, McCarthy Says. United States Senate History Website. Retrieved on 2007-03-09.