Gustave Tridon

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Gustave Tridon.

Edme-Marie-Gustave Tridon (1 January 1841 - 29 August 1871) was a French socialist, radical republican, who participated in the First International and the Paris Commune. Like many other early socialists, Tridon was critical of Jewish influence and argued relationships between Jews and finance. He authored On Jewish Molochism: Critical and Philosophical Studies, which inspired Édouard Drumont. He was a close ally of Louis Auguste Blanqui, who also attacked usury and "Shylocks" in his writings.




Although much of the French left embraced the Voltairian secular critique of Judaism, some currents of the French left, notably the Blanquist movement, endorsed elements of Renan's counterposition positing the superior Aryan race (deriving from the genius of Rome and Greece) and the inferior Semitic race (endowed with the mercantile spirit of exploitation). Also, racial anti-Semitism gained a number of adherents within the French anarchist left during the last quarter of the nineteenth century. Amongst the most prominent of these racial anti-Semitic anarchists were Gustave Tridon, Albert Regnard and August Hamon. Tridon, the author of Le Molochism Juif, pleaded for an Aryan victory over the Jews to save Western civilization and referred to the Jews as a carnivorous race sacrificing humans to its gods.

Judd L. Teller, 1954, Scapegoat of Revolution.

Wistrich has forcefully argued that this current of antisemitism in both France and Germany developed out of a militant atheism that negated the tradition of Judeo-Christian monotheism and blamed Judaism for having creating Christianity. In Germany, this accusation was made by Bruno Bauer, Wilhelm Marr and Eugen Duhring. In France, it was made primarily by Gustave Tridon, who in his Du Molochisme Juif, published at the end of the 1860s, developed the racial doctrines of Ernest Renan and Joseph Arthur de Gobineau into a "hatred of Semitism," which attacked the Hebrew Bible as a text that reflect "a God who is an assassin, hypocritical and perverse, complicit and an instigator of all crimes."

Uri R. Kaufmann, 2003, Jewish Emancipation Reconsidered: The French and German Models.

In it he argued that atheism was but a modern version of an ancient doctrine. It grew out of the polytheism of Greco-Roman civilization, a benign religion of natural processes whose logical issue was modern materialist philosophy. Christianity, in contrast, was derived from the monotheism of Semitic culture, a pernicious religion of revelation whose worship of a nonexisting spirit rendered impossible any understanding of the ordered, material world. Such conceptions led Tridon to formulate his vision of the cultural history of the West as a titanic struggle between the Aryan (atheist) and the Semitic (Judeo-Christian) mentalities - a history demarcated by a golden age (that of the Greco-Roman world), an age of decadence (that of the Christian Middle Ages) and a present age (announced, yet not realized, in the French Revolution), which offered the prospect of a return to the ancient Aryan wisdom.

Patrick H. Hutton, 1981, The Cult of the Revolutionary Tradition: The Blanquists in French Politics, 1864-1893.

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