European Social Movement
The European Social Movement was a Europe-wide alliance formally established in 1951 to promote pan-European nationalism. It had its origins in the Italian Social Movement, which previously had established contacts with like-minded groups in Europe (such as the British Union Movement), setting up European Study Center and publishing a magazine Europa Unita. Per Engdahl was chosen as leader. The organization is stated to have supported a corporatist Europe, with common rules on defence and economy, under the leadership of a leader appointed by plebiscite.
Internal conflicts caused the creation of the more radical splinter organization the New European Order.
The European Social Movement became inactive by the late 1950s. A related later organization was the National Party of Europe.