Communist Party of China

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The Communist Party of China (CPC), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and the ruling political party of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and is one of the world's largest political parties.

While not a governing body recognized by the PRC's constitution,[1] the CPC's position as the supreme political authority and power in the PRC is realized through its control of all state apparatuses and of the legislative process.[2]

The Communist Party of China was founded in May 1920 in Shanghai, and came to rule all of mainland China after defeating its rival the Kuomintang (KMT) in the Chinese Civil War. The CPC claimed 73.36 million members[3] on 9 October 2007 which constitutes 5% of the total population of mainland China.

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  1. Constitution of the People's Republic of China
  2. Ralph H. Folsom, John H. Minan, Lee Ann Otto, Law and Politics in the People's Republic of China, West Publishing Co. (St. Paul 1992), pp. 76–77.
  3. Number of CPC members rises to 73 million