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Anglicanism (sometimes known as Episcopalianism) is a form of Protestatism which originated in the British Isles during the 16th and 17th centuries. The religion regards itself as a via media between Catholicism and Reformed Christianity. During the time of religious conflict in Europe between Catholics and Calvinists, the Church of England attempted to achieve national unity by drawing from both traditions as a compromise—it remains the established church in England to this day. It also began in Ireland around the same time, as the Church of Ireland, but was less prominent among the masses. During the reign of the Stuarts, the Scottish Episcopal Church broke from the authority of the Presbytarian Church of Scotland, but that too remained a minority.

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