Alphonse Toussenel

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Alphonse Toussenel (17 March 1803 - 30 April 1885) was a French socialist, naturalist, writer, and anti-Semite.

"Marr’s text had an impact beyond Germany, and was certainly widely discussed throughout Europe. However, its pessimistic and apocalyptic tone was not entirely original. In 1845 Alphonse Toussenel, a French publicist and amateur ornithologist, wrote Les Juifs, rois de l’epoque (The Jews: Kings of the Epoch). Like Marr, Toussenel saw his nation engulfed by “terrible stagnation” and its people consumed by “a general inertia and torpor of the spirit.” France, in his opinion, was in the midst of a critical period in its history, a period in which parliament was powerless and the law had been reduced to the level of financial transaction. Wielding influence over this dazed nation was a “feudal clique,” the Jews."[1]

See also


  1. The Jewish Question: Suggested Readings with Commentary Part Two of Three: The Nineteenth Century