Alberto Fujimori

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Alberto Fujimori
藤森 謙也

Fujimori landing in Andrews Air Force Base in 1998.

In office
28 July 1990 – 22 November 2000
Vice President Máximo San Román (1990–92)
Jaime Yoshiyama Tanaka (1993–95)
Ricardo Márquez (1995–2000)
Francisco Tudela (2000)
Preceded by Alan García
Succeeded by Valentín Paniagua

Born 28 July 1938 (1938-07-28) (age 81)
Lima, Peru
Citizenship Peruvian, Japanese
Political party Peru Sí Cumple
Japan People's New Party
Other political
affiliations
Cambio 90 (1990–1999)
Peru 2000 (2000)
Alliance for the Future (2006)
Spouse(s) Susana Higuchi (divorced)
Satomi Kataoka[1]
Alma mater Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina
University of Strasbourg
University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
Religion Roman Catholicism

Alberto Ken'ya Fujimori (born in Lima on July 28, 1938) is a Peruvian politician who served as President of Peru from July 28, 1990 to November 17, 2000. A controversial figure,[2] Fujimori has been credited with uprooting terrorism in Peru and restoring its macroeconomic stability, though his methods have drawn charges of authoritarianism and human rights violations.[3][4]

He is a Peruvian of Japanese descent and a Japanese national.[5] In late 2000, facing a corruption scandal, he fled to Japan, where he attempted to resign his presidency. His resignation was rejected by the Congress of the Republic, which preferred to remove him from office by force of vote. Congress proceeded to bar him from elective office for ten years. Wanted in Peru on charges of corruption and human rights abuses, Fujimori maintained a self-imposed exile abroad until his detainment during a visit to Chile in November 2005.[6] He was finally extradited to face criminal charges in Peru in September 2007.[7]

On December 11, 2007, in a court case separate from the pending human rights charges, Fujimori was convicted of ordering an illegal search and seizure of documents and videotapes in the possession of the wife of his former spy chief, Vladimiro Montesinos. He was sentenced to six years in prison.[8][9][10] Fujimori appealed the verdict, but on April 15, 2008 the Supreme Court upheld the conviction and 6-year sentence.[11]

On April 7, 2009, Fujimori was convicted of human rights violations and sentenced to 25 years in prison for his role in killings and kidnappings by the Grupo Colina death squad during his government's battle against leftist guerrillas in the 1990s. The verdict delivered by a three-judge panel marked the first time that an elected head of state has been extradited back to his home country, tried, and convicted of human rights violations. Fujimori was specifically found guilty of murder, bodily harm, and two cases of kidnapping.[12][13][14][15][16]

  1. "Fujimori gets married from cell". BBC News. 6 April 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4882550.stm. 
  2. Fujimori's controversial career, BBC News, 18 September 2000. Accessed online 4 November 2006.
  3. Jo-Marie Burt. 2006 "Quien habla es terrorista": the political use of fear in Fujimori's Peru. Latin American Research Review 41(3):32-61
  4. "Mass sterilisation scandal shocks Peru". BBC News. 2002-07-24. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/2148793.stm. 
  5. Fujimori secures Japanese haven, BBC News, 12 December 2000. Accessed online 29 December 2007.
  6. Conditional release for Fujimori, BBC News, 18 May 2006. Accessed online 26 September 2006.
  7. Extradited Fujimori back in Peru 22 September 2007
  8. Fujimori jailed for abusing power, BBC News, 12 December 2007. Accessed online 12 December 2007.
  9. Corte Suprema de la República. December 10, 2008. Resolution 17-2008.
  10. Peru’s Ex-President Gets 6 Years for Illicit Search, New York Times, 12 December 2007. Accessed online 12 December 2007.
  11. Emery, Alex (April 15, 2008). "Peru Supreme Court Upholds Former President's Prison Sentence". Bloomberg News. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601101&sid=aghcoZq4Oocs&refer=japan. Retrieved 7 April 2009. 
  12. Emery, Alex. Peru’s Fujimori Found Guilty on Human Rights Charges, Bloomberg News, 7 April 2009. Accessed online 7 April 2009.
  13. "Peru's Fujimori sentenced to 25 years prison". Reuters. 7 April 2009. http://www.reuters.com/article/bondsNews/idUSN0746237820090407. Retrieved 7 April 2009. 
  14. Fujimori declared guilty of human rights abuses (in Spanish)
  15. Peru court finds ex-president Fujimori guilty
  16. http://www.boston.com/news/world/latinamerica/articles/2009/04/08/fujimori_gets_25_years_on_conviction_in_human_rights_case/
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