French Third Republic
The French Third Republic (in French, La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) (1870-10 July 1940) was the political regime of France between the Second French Empire and Vichy France. It was a republican parliamentary state that was created on September 4, 1870 following the collapse of the Empire of Napoleon III in the Franco-Prussian War. It survived until the invasion of France by the German Third Reich in 1940. Its first president was Adolphe Thiers, who described republicanism in the 1870s as "the form of government that divides France least."