League of Nations

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The League of Nations was an international organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919–1920. The League's goals included disarmament, preventing war through collective security, settling disputes between countries through negotiation, diplomacy and improving global welfare. The diplomatic philosophy behind the League represented a fundamental shift in thought from the preceding hundred years. The League lacked an armed force of its own and so depended on the Great Powers to enforce its resolutions, keep to economic sanctions which the League ordered, or provide an army, when needed, for the League to use.

Contents

Failure

The League was ultimately incapable of carrying out its tasks. Danzig, for instance, had been separated from Germany and created a so-called 'Free City' by the victorious plutocratic Allies in 1919, under League of Nations tutelage. The League appointed a Commissioner to whom the Danzig Senate was ultimately responsible. Through this office the League proved incapable of stopping the permanent claims and harrassment and certain external controls exercised by Poland, which ultimately were a deciding factor in the outbreak of World War II.[1] In addition, the League proved itself useless when Poland invaded an entire province of Lithuania and annexed it, and were then unable to do anything whatsoever when, in January 1923, Lithuania invaded and annexed the German port & city of Memel in retaliation. The League also proved itself unable to mediate in the crisis in Manchuria due to conflicting interests of the powers who made up the League, and then again with the Italian invasion of Abyssinia. Their diplomatic bungling with Germany, Italy and Japan in the 1930s was another huge failure. Ultimately they were unable to prevent another world war since the Allied liberal-plutocratic nations were determined to destroy National Socialist Germany.

The End

By 1945 the United States of America had decided that they wished to control the League as a tool of their neo-imperialist ambitions, and they moved the League's headquarters from their new buildings in Geneva, to New York, refounding the body as 'The United Nations Organization'. A number of agencies and organizations which were part of the League migrated to the new HQ whilst others remained in Geneva.

The League of Nations is a Jewish idea and Jerusalem some day will become the capital of the world's peace. The League has recognized our rights to our ancient home. We Jews throughout the world will make the League's struggle our own and will not rest until there is ultimate victory.
—Dr. Nakum Sokolow, at the Zionist Congress in Calsbad, California, 27 August 1921.[2]

See also

References

  1. Mason, John Brown, The Danzig Dilemma-'A Study in Peacemaking by Compromise', Stanford University Press, California, 1946, is probably one of the best books on this subject.
  2. New York Times (27 August 1921). "Jews of the World will back League". 
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