Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Kemal Atatürk (Turkish meaning “Kemal, Father of Turks”; 1881 – 10 November 1938) original name Mustafa Kemal, also known as Mustafa Kemal Paşa, was a secular Turkish nationalist officer and politician who was the founder and first president (1923–38) of the Republic of Turkey and who introduced wide-ranging reforms.
Controversies include ancestry, sometimes claimed to have been (partially) Albanian or Jewish; relationships to the Armenian Genocide, Assyrian genocide, and Greek genocide; the population exchange/expulsions between Greece and Turkey; and other minority issues. Turkey has had extensive "Turkification" policies, but ethnic conflicts continue. A Turkish law bans "insults to his memory".