The Mafia are certain organized crime organizations associated with Sicily, Italy, and later with Italian-Americans. Mafia may also be used more general as a term for organized crime organizations.
Organized crime is according to the FBI often organized along ethnic lines. It includes many more ethnicities/races and structures than the traditional media stereotype of the Italian-American mafia, such as the very powerful Jewish mafia, often ignored in media depictions.
- The Death and Life of the Mafia in Italy, From Suppression by Mussolini to Revival by 'Liberation,' 1926-1946
- Encyclopedia Britannica: Mafia
- Encyclopedia Britannica 1911 Edition: Mafia
- Encyclopedia.com: Mafia
- Encyclopedia.com: La Cosa Nostra in the United States
- The Death and Life of the Mafia in Italy, From Suppression by Mussolini to Revival by 'Liberation,' 1926-1946 https://codoh.com/library/document/2593/?lang=en