Greek language

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The Greek language is an Indo-European language now spoken primarily in Greece. It has a long history, has gone through several developmental phases, and especially the phases associated with Ancient Greece have influenced many other languages.

Ancient Greek

Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided into the following periods: Mycenaean Greek (c. 1400–1200 BC), Dark Ages (c. 1200–800 BC), the Archaic period (c. 800–500 BC), and the Classical period (c. 500–300 BC).


The Greek language is conventionally divided into the following periods:

  • Proto-Greek
  • Mycenaean Greek (15th century BC onwards)
  • Ancient Greek (widely known throughout the Roman Empire)
  • Koine Greek (also known as Hellenistic Greek)
  • Medieval Greek (also known as Byzantine Greek; up to the demise of the Byzantine Empire in the 15th century)
  • Modern Greek (also known as Neo-Hellenic; used by the modern Greeks as Standard Modern Greek with several dialects of it)

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