Giustizia e Libertà
Giustizia e Libertà (Italian, English translation: Justice and Liberty) was an Italian anti-fascist movement, active from 1929 to 1945. It was founded and for a long time headquartered in France by Italian exiles, notably the Jewish socialist Carlo Rosselli.
The group used or attempted to use violence such as by attempting to assassinate Mussolini.
At the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, the organisation formed its own volunteer brigades to support the Republican side.
Giustizia e Libertà was forced to cease public operations when German troops occupied France in 1940. Its members were dispersed, but largely reconstituted themselves as the Action Party (Partito d'Azione) in German-occupied Italy following the Armistice of 1943. The military arms of the organisation were still referred to as Giustizia e Libertà.