Frederick J. Libby

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Not to be confused with the World War I flying ace

Frederick Joseph Libby photo (November 24, 1874-June 1970)[1] founded the National Council for Prevention of War (1921-1970) and published Peace Action (ca. 1943-1949).[2] Libby was born in Richmond, Maine the son of a country doctor. He graduated from Bowdoin College in 1894 and Andover Theological Seminary in 1902. Libby became a Congregational minister and joined the Society of Friends (Quakers) in 1921.

Federick Libby married Faith Ward (1902-1984) in 1932. She was also a peace activist and member of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.

In 1938 he organized the Keep America Out of War Congress. After the war he opposed the so-called War Crimes Trials and the call to dismantle German industry.[3]


  • War on War: Campaign Textbook (1922) text
  • To End War: The Story of the National Council for the Prevention of War (1969)


  • Military Training in the Making of Men (1918) 15 pages
  • Coolidge and the World Court (1925) 22 pages
  • Should the United States government join in concerted action against the fascist states? - no! (speech at Madison Square Garden, New York City, May 4, 1938, in a debate with American Communist Party leader Earl Browder) 16 pages
  • Shall We Try to Stop the War in Europe? (1939) 4 pages
  • Only Stalin Could Win (1940) 6 pages



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