Ferdinand Porsche (3 September 1875 – 30 January 1951) was an Austrian-German automotive engineer and founder of the Porsche car company. He designed the popular Volkswagen car, initially intended to be a “people’s car” in National Socialist Germany. A member of the NSDAP, he was an important contributor to the German war effort during World War II and was involved in the production of advanced tanks as well as other weapon systems.
After the war, he was for a time imprisoned in France, but released after a trial where he was found not guilty, but a large sum of "bond-money"/ "ransom" was not returned, with different views on what happened. Another controversy is regarding claimed use of forced labor. See also National Socialist Germany and forced labor.