Charles XII of Sweden

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Charles XII, sometimes Carl XII (Swedish: Karl XII) or Carolus Rex (17 June 1682 – 30 November 1718) was king of Sweden (1697–1718), who defended his country for 18 years during the Great Northern War and who promoted significant domestic reforms.

Charles XII has been important in Swedish nationalism, viewed as heroically, although ultimately tragically, fighting against overwhelmingly stronger enemies.

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