Benjamin Harrison

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Benjamin Harrison

In office
March 4, 1889 – March 4, 1893
Vice President Levi Morton
Preceded by Grover Cleveland
Succeeded by Grover Cleveland

In office
March 4, 1881 – March 4, 1887
Preceded by Joseph McDonald
Succeeded by David Turpie

Born August 20, 1833(1833-08-20)
North Bend, Ohio, U.S.
Died March 13, 1901 (aged 67)
Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.
Political party Republican Party (1856–1901)
Other political
Whig Party (Before 1856)
Spouse(s) Caroline Scott (1853–1892)
Mary Scott (1896–1901)
Children Russell
Alma mater Farmer's College
Miami University
Profession Lawyer
Religion Presbyterianism
Signature Cursive signature in ink
Military service
Service/branch Union Army
Rank Brigadier General
Unit Army of the Cumberland
Commands 70th Regiment Indiana Infantry
1st Brigade of the 1st Division of the XX Corps
Battles/wars American Civil War

Benjamin Harrison (August 20, 1833March 13, 1901) was the twenty-third President of the United States, serving one term from 1889 to 1893. Harrison was born in North Bend, Ohio, and at age 21 moved to Indianapolis, Indiana, where he became a prominent state politician. During the American Civil War Harrison served as a Brigadier General in the XXI Corps of the Army of the Cumberland. After the war he unsuccessfully ran for the governorship of Indiana, but was later elected to the U.S. Senate.

Harrison, a Republican, was elected to the presidency in 1888, defeating the Democrat Grover Cleveland. He was the first, and to date only, president from the state of Indiana. His presidential administration is best known for its economic legislation, including the McKinley Tariff and the Sherman Antitrust Act, and for annual federal spending that reached one billion dollars for the first time. Democrats attacked the "Billion Dollar Congress", and used the issue to defeat the Republican Party, both in the 1890 mid-term elections and in Harrison's bid for reelection in 1892.

Harrison's wife died near the end of his presidential term. After failing to win reelection he returned to private life at his home in Indianapolis where he remarried, authored a book, and later represented the Republic of Venezuela in an international case against the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1900 he traveled to Europe as part of the case and, after a brief stay, returned to Indianapolis where he died the following year, from complications arising from influenza.


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