Barry Goldwater

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Barry Goldwater


In office
January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1987
Preceded by Carl Hayden
Succeeded by John McCain
In office
January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1965
Preceded by Ernest McFarland
Succeeded by Paul Fannin

Born January 2, 1909(1909-01-02)
Phoenix, Arizona Territory, United States
Died May 29, 1998 (aged 89)
Paradise Valley, Arizona, United States
Birth name Barry Morris Goldwater
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Margaret Johnson (1934–1985)
Susan Shaffer Wechsler (1992–1998)
Children Joanne
Barry Goldwater, Jr.
Michael
Margaret (Peggy)
Alma mater University of Arizona
Profession Businessman, politician
Religion Episcopalian
Military service
Service/branch United States Army Air Forces
United States Air Force
Rank Lieutenant Colonel
Major General
Battles/wars World War II
Korean War

Barry Morris Goldwater (January 1, 1909May 29, 1998) was a five-term United States Senator from Arizona (1953–1965, 1969–1987) and the Republican Party's nominee for President in the 1964 election. He was also a Major General in the U.S. Air Force Reserve. He was known as "Mr. Conservative".

Goldwater is the politician most often credited for sparking the resurgence of the American conservative political movement in the 1960s. He also had a substantial impact on the libertarian movement.[1]

Goldwater rejected the legacy of the New Deal and fought inside the conservative coalition to defeat the New Deal coalition. He lost the 1964 presidential election by a large margin to incumbent Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson. The Johnson campaign and other critics painted him as a reactionary, while supporters praised his crusades against the federal government, labor unions, and the welfare state. His defeat allowed Lyndon Johnson and the Democrats in Congress to pass the Great Society programs, but the defeat of so many older Republicans in 1964 also cleared the way for a younger generation of American conservatives to mobilize. Goldwater was much less active as a national leader of conservatives after 1964; his supporters mostly rallied behind Ronald Reagan, who became governor of California in 1967 and President of the United States in 1981.

Barry Goldwater was part-Jewish. This led to the use of the political label Kosher Conservative.

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.

References

  1. Robert Poole, In memoriam: Barry Goldwater - Obituary, Reason Magazine, August-Sept, 1998.