Alexei Alexandrovich Shakhmatov
Alexei Alexandrovich Shakhmatov (Russian: Алексе́й Алекса́ндрович Ша́хматов, 17 June [Julian calendar: 5 June] 1864 – 16 August 1920) was a Russian philologist and historian credited with laying foundations for the science of textology. Shakhmatov held the title of Doctor of the Russian language and Philology (from 1894). He was a full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences (before 1917, the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences) from 1899, and Chairman of the Department of Russian language and Philology of the Academy of Sciences (1908–1920). He was also a member of the Russian Empire State Council (1906–1911).