Ailtirí na hAiséirghe

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Ailtirí na hAiséirghe
Ailtirí na hAiséirghe.png
Political position Irish nationalism
Irish republicanism
Gaelic restoration
Leader Gearóid Ó Cuinneagáin
Country Republic of Ireland
Existence 1942–1958
Newspaper Aiséirí
Colours Dark Green

Ailtirí na hAiséirghe (English: Architects of the Resurrection) was an Irish nationalist political party, founded by Gearóid Ó Cuinneagáin in 1942.[1][2] The party sought to form a Irish Christian corporatist state. Its objectives included the creation of a one-party state under the rule of an all-powerful leader; the criminalisation of the public use of the English language; removing the control of Jews and Masons over the lives of the people;[3] the building-up of a massive conscript army; and the conquest of Northern Ireland. In the longer term, Aiséirghe aimed to make Ireland into a "missionary-ideological" state spreading its combination of politics and Christian social principles worldwide.

Its sympathies were with the Axis powers during the Second World War. Ó Cuinneagáin was a member of the Irish Friends of Germany. It was one of a wave of minor patriotic parties in 1940s Ireland that failed to achieve mainstream success, like the Monetary Reform Party.[4]

The party obtained no seats in the 1943 and 1944 general elections.[5] In the 1945 local government elections, however, Aiséirghe candidates won nine seats (out of 31 contested), gaining a total of more than 11,000 first-preference votes.

Its supporters included Ernest Blythe, Oliver J. Flanagan and James Joseph Walsh.[6] Seán Treacy,[7] the future Ceann Comhairle of Dáil Éireann, was a party member in the 1940s, as were the novelist Brian Cleeve,[8] the philosopher Terence Gray[9] and the broadcaster and author Breandán Ó hEithir.[7] Although never a member, Seán South was familiar with the group's publications.[10]

After an internal split in late 1945, Aiséirghe's influence weakened. It held its last formal meeting in 1958, though the party newspaper continued to appear until the early 1970s.

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See also

References

  1. Douglas, R. M. (2009). Architects of the Resurrection: Ailtirí na hAiséirghe and the Fascist 'New Order' in Ireland. Manchester University Press. ISBN 0-7190-7998-5. 
  2. British Spies and Irish Rebels, Paul McMahon
  3. Ó Drisceoil, Donal (1996). Censorship in Ireland, 1939-1945. Cork: Cork University Press. ISBN 1859180744, 9781859180747. 
  4. Manning, Maurice (1972). Irish Political Parties: An Introduction. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-7171-0536-6. 
  5. Defending Ireland: the Irish state and its enemies, Eunan O'Halpin
  6. Eoin O'Duffy, Fearghal McGarry
  7. 7.0 7.1 Douglas (2009), p. 250
  8. Douglas (2009), p. 163
  9. Douglas (2009), pp. 154-5
  10. Douglas 2009, pp. 285-7
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