West Germany

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West Germany (in German Westdeutschland) was the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany, or FRG (in German Bundesrepublik Deutschland), from its founding on 24 May 1949 to 2 October 1990, before the five states of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR, informally East Germany) acceded with effect on 3 October 1990. Since then, the current 16-state Federal Republic of Germany is simply called Germany.

In 1957, the Saarland acceded. West Germany as a part of one German nation-state remained the same after the process called German reunification, apart from area and population getting enlarged by approximately 25%. The accession barely affected the everyday life of the 60 million Germans in the FRG, as Germany continued all its earlier policies, retaining its membership in international organisations as well as its affiliation to Western alliances like EU and NATO. During the Cold War period, after three separate German states had been established in Allied Occupation zones, the Federal Republic as the largest democratic and only independent German state had claimed exclusive mandate for all of Germany, as well as considering itself a democratically re-organized German Reich (not a successor). This meant taking over resulting responsibilities for events in the war, as well as continuing traditions, e.g. keeping the international license plate code "D" which had been introduced in 1910.

The foundation for the influential position held by Germany today was laid during the economic Wirtschaftswunder of the 1950s, when West Germany rose from the massive destruction wrought by World War II to become home to the world's fourth largest economy again. The first chancellor Konrad Adenauer, who remained in office until 1963, had not only selected his home town Bonn as provisional capital (thus the era is also called die Bonner Republikthe Bonn Republic[1]), but also had cemented a full alignment with the West rather than experimenting with a third, neutral way. He not only secured membership in NATO, but was also a founder of cooperations which today have developed into the European Union. By the time of the establishment of the G6/G8 in 1975, there was no question that the Federal Republic of Germany was to be a member in that organization as well.

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.

References

  1. Bundeszentrale für Politische Bildung
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