Iraq War

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The Iraq War is an ongoing conflict which began in 2003 with the invasion of Iraq by a United States-led coalition that overthrew the government of Saddam Hussein. The invasion was followed by a still ongoing civil war.

Contents

Claimed causes

The main rationale for the Iraq War offered by U.S. President George W. Bush, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Tony Blair, and their domestic and foreign supporters was that Iraq was developing weapons of mass destruction. These weapons, it was argued, posed a threat to the United States, its allies and interests. In the 2003 State of the Union Address, Bush claimed that the U.S. could not wait until the threat from Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein became imminent. After the invasion, however, no evidence was found of such weapons.

Another claim was of a connection between Saddam Hussein and al-Qaeda. No evidence of any substantial al-Qaeda connection has been found.

Another claimed motivation for the invasion was to spread democracy and the democratic peace theory.

Some critics (such as Noam Chomsky) have argued that the war is an "oil war". However, this has also been criticized as a smokescreen or only a partial cause. The war has not been financially beneficial for the United States but has instead been enormously costly (see below).

Since the invasion it was learned that neo-conservatives with strong ties to Israel pushed for the overthrow of Iraq before the Bush administration entered office.

Results

Some of the current results of the war include that

  • A relatively stable and secular country that was hostile to Israel has been devastated and greatly weakened.
  • The war, civil war, terrorism, and other war associated effects causing large scale combat casualties, mass killings/deaths of civilians, and other atrocities
  • Enormous financial costs.
  • Increased tensions between NATO and Russia.
  • Increased tensions between Shia and Sunni Muslims and Shia and Sunni majority countries.
  • Rising religious fundamentalism and terrorism in Iraq and elsewhere.
  • A mass migration with individuals claiming to be refugees from the war arriving mainly to Europe.
  • Terrorists from the war arriving mainly to Europe.

These results are often similar to those from other recent wars in Muslim countries with outside interventions.

Estimates regarding some of the costs for only the first ten years of war and civil war have included:[1][2]

  • 189,000 direct war deaths.
  • More than a half a million deaths from war related causes (including from violence but also from causes such as destroyed infrastructure due to the war).
  • Many more physically and psychologically injured.
  • 4,488 U.S. service personnel killed directly and 32,223 injured (not including psychological injuries such as PTSD).
  • A financial cost for the US alone of $1.7. The wars in Afghanistan, Iraq and Pakistan have been estimated to cost the US alone $4 trillion.
  • Many trillions more in cost for the US alone on interest payments due to the wars being paid for by borrowed money. The cost of the Iraq war alone for the US could grow to more than $6 trillion over the next four decades counting interest.
  • At least many billions lost due to fraud and corruption.

These estimates were only for some of the costs for the time period before the recent large increase in fighting and violence associated with ISIS.

Quotes

The war in Iraq was conceived by 25 neoconservative intellectuals, most of them Jewish, who are pushing President Bush to change the course of history. Two of them, journalists William Kristol and Charles Krauthammer, say it's possible.

—Ari Shavit, Haaretz, 3 April 2003.[3]

In an interview with Vanity Fair, Dalyell named Lord Levy (Blair's personal envoy on the Middle East), Peter Mandelson (whose father was Jewish), and Jack Straw, the Foreign Secretary (who has Jewish ancestry), as three of the leading figures who had influenced Blair's policies on the Middle East. He told The Telegraph: "If it is a question of launching an assault on Syria or Iran… then one has to be candid." Blair, he said, was also indirectly influenced by Jewish people in the Bush administration, including Richard Perle, a Pentagon adviser, Paul Wolfowitz, the deputy defence secretary, and Ari Fleischer, the President's press secretary.

—Stuart Littlewood, 29 June 2013.[4]

See also

External links

References

  1. The Staggering Cost Of The Last Decade's US War In Iraq — In Numbers http://www.businessinsider.com/the-iraq-war-by-numbers-2014-6
  2. Iraq war costs U.S. more than $2 trillion: study http://www.reuters.com/article/us-iraq-war-anniversary-idUSBRE92D0PG20130314
  3. White man's burden. Haaretz. Retrieved on 6 June 2011.
  4. Cameron’s ‘Torah’ government. My Catbird Seat. Retrieved on 14 March 2013.
Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.
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