|After returning to Russia from exile in 1994.|
|Occupation||Novelist, soldier, teacher|
|Citizenship||USSR, Russian Federation|
|Alma mater||Rostov State University|
|Notable work(s)||One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, The First Circle, Cancer Ward, The Gulag Archipelago, The Red Wheel|
|Notable award(s)|| Nobel Prize in Literature |
|Spouse(s)|| Natalia Alekseyevna Reshetovskaya (1940–52; 1957–72)|
Natalia Dmitrievna Svetlova (1973–2008)
|Children||Yermolai Solzhenitsyn (b. 1970), Ignat Solzhenitsyn (b. 1972), Stepan Solzhenitsyn (b. 1973) (all by Natalia Svetlova)|
Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn (Cyrillic Алекса́ндр Иса́евич Солжени́цын, IPA: [ɐlʲɪˈksandr ɪˈsaɪvʲɪtɕ səlʐɨˈnʲitsɨn]) (born December 11, 1918; died August 3, 2008) was a Russian novelist, dramatist and historian who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1970.
Solzhenitsyn had served as a captain in the Soviet Union's Red Army, and later wrote of the innumerable atrocities committed by that army upon German civilians as they invaded Germany on October 1944: "whoever was still a virgin, was soon to become a woman; the women soon to become corpses; their eyes bloody, already glazed over, pleaded to be killed." He is renowned for making the world more fully aware of the Soviet Union's murderous concentration and labour camps, through his most famous book, The Gulag Archipelago (vols. 1 & 2), described by English historian Edward Crankshaw writing in London's The Observer as "a memorial to the millions who suffered and died". For this Solzhenitsyn received the Nobel prize. He was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1974, not returning to Russia until after the collapse of communism, in 1994. That year he was also elected as a member of Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts in the Department of Language and Literature.
His other books include:
- Letter to Soviet Leaders
- One Word of Truth (his Nobel Prize Speech on Literature)
- August 1914
- A Lentern Letter to Pimen, Patriarch of All Russia
- Stories and Prose Poems
- The Love Girl and the Innocent
- Cancer Ward
- The First Circle
- For the Good of the Cause
- We Never Make Mistakes
- One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich
In his book Cancer Ward, he depicts Jews as "victims" of the Soviet system, which is a falsification of truth, as Jews were and are certainly the perpetrators and not the victims of Bolshevism. He did that probably knowing that Jews have built a world-wide media monopoly, and an author usually has to be aware of this in order to get his literature works published at all. Solzhenitsyn also wrote Two Hundred Years Together which is about the Jews who became part of the Russian Empire following the partitions of Poland.