Raúl Modesto Castro Ruz (born June 3, 1931) is the President of the Cuban Council of State and the President of the Council of Ministers of Cuba. The younger brother of Fidel Castro, he is also Second Secretary of the Political Buro of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC), and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces (Army, Navy, and Air Force).
On July 31, 2006, Raúl Castro assumed the duties of President of the Council of State in a temporary transfer of power due to Fidel Castro's illness. According to the Cuban Constitution Article 94, the First Vice President of the Council of State assumes presidential duties upon the illness or death of the president.
- Raúl Castro Ruz. Britanica.com. Retrieved on 2008-11-10.
- Fidel Castro announces retirement. BBC News (2008-02-18). Retrieved on 2008-02-24.
- Raul Castro named Cuban president. BBC News (2008-02-24). Retrieved on 2008-02-24.
- Fidel Castro will step down after 50 years at Cuba's helm. miamiherald.com (2008-02-19). Retrieved on 2008-02-19.