Teutonia Association

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Teutonia Association also known variously as the Teutonia Clubs, Teutonia Society, Free Society of Teutonia, Free Union Teutonia, Independent Society of Teutonia and National Socialistic Society of Teutonia, (in German as Nationalsozialistische Vereinigung Teutonia)[1] was the first National Socialist-oriented organization to appear in the United States. The group was organized on October 12, 1924[2] in Chicago by four German immigrants.[3] The group's office was located at 2142 Barry Avenue.[4]Three of those German immigrants were brothers Peter, Andrew, and Fritz Gissibl. Fritz Gissibl was with Hitler during the Munich Putsch.[5] Later the organization was also referred to as the National Socialist Society Teutonia, [6] the National Socialist Labor Party of Germany in America,[7] and Friends of the Hitler Movement.[8]

By 1932 the group had branches in five American cities with a membership around 500.[9] The group’s leader was Fritz Gissibl.

The Friends of New Germany essentially replaced the Teutonia Association in 1933 which was disbanded the previous year.[10]

Deutsche Zietung was the official newspaper of the Teutonia Association edited by Walter Kappe.[11] [12] The paper Vorposten was also issue in association with Teutonia.

Local leaders

Notes

  1. The Great Brown Scare: The Amerika Deutscher Bund in the Thirties and the Hounding of Fritz Julius Kuhn
  2. UNITED STATES v. BAECKER et al
  3. The American Axis, by Max Wallace, page 132
  4. The Deutschtum of Nazi Germany and the United States by Arthur L. Smith, page 62
  5. Under Cover, by John Roy Carlson, page 111
  6. UNITED STATES v. BAECKER et al. March 25, 1944
  7. “Pro-Nazi Sentiment in the United States March, 1933-March, 1934”, by Neil R. McMillen, originally published in the Southern Quarterly (October 1963) reprinted in America, American Jews, and the Holocaust, By Jeffrey S. Gurock, page 319
  8. The American Axis, by Max Wallace, page 133
  9. Swastika Nation: Fritz Kuhn and the Rise and Fall of the German-American Bund, by Arnie Bernstein, page 23]
  10. House Investigation of Un-American Propaganda Activities in the United States (1943) Page 60]
  11. Shadow Enemies: Hitler's Secret Terrorist Plot Against the United States, by Alex Abella, Scott Gordon, page 61
  12. Swastika Nation: Fritz Kuhn and the Rise and Fall of the German-American Bund, by Arnie Bernstein, page 35

See also

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