Vladimir Lenin

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Vladimir Lenin.

Vladimir Lenin, born Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (12 April 1870 – 21 January 1924), was a Communist theorist, revolutionary, and, after the October Revolution, dictator of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and from 1922 dictator of the Soviet Union.

Despite positioning himself as "leader of the proletariat", he came from a wealthy background. Many of the Communist leaders were not Russians or were of mixed ancestry which may have contributed to the hostility of the Communist regime against the Russian people. This applies also to Lenin who had a mixed ancestry (see below).

Lenin's political repressions, Red Terror, slave labor (including labor camps which developed into the Gulag system), and mass starvation associated with his policy of "war communism" caused the deaths of many millions. In addition, the Communists under his command committed many atrocities during the Russian Civil War and uprisings such as Kronstadt rebellion and peasant rebellions such as the Tambov Rebellion. How many died is disputed.

Aside from the violence in Russia/The Soviet Union, Lenin was also responsible for covertly or overtly inciting, supporting, and/or controlling large scale communist infiltration, terrorism, and revolutionary attempts/preparations in many foreign countries.[1]

Lenin created Marxism-Leninism which at least initially was the state ideology of all Communist states and a major cause of the mass killings under Communist regimes. See also the Communism article. Trotskyism, a variant created by Lenin's associate Leon Trotsky, has been influential in many non-Communist countries. The atrocities and mass deaths during the regime of Lenin and Trotsky are relatively unknown to the general public with Trotskyists and other leftists often instead preferring to focus on criticizing Lenin's successor and Trotsky's enemy Stalin.

Contents

Biography

Early life

Krupskaya, Lenin's wife

Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov was born in Simbirsk on the Volga River on 22 April 1870 into a wealthy family and was of mixed ethnic ancestry. Lenin's father's ethnic origins remain unclear; there have been suggestions that he was Russian, Chuvash (Turkic), Mordvin, or Kalmyk (Mongoloid). His mother was the daughter of a German–Swedish mother and a Jewish father from a Jewish family called Blank.

Lenin excelled at school and went on to study law. At university, he was exposed to radical thinking, and his views were also influenced by the execution of his elder brother, a member of a revolutionary group.

Expelled from university for his radical policies, Lenin completed his law degree as an external student in 1891. He moved to St Petersburg and became a revolutionary. Like many of his contemporaries he was arrested and exiled to Siberia, where he married Nadezhda Krupskaya, from an upper class background like himself. After his Siberian exile, Lenin - the pseudonym he adopted in 1901 - spent most of the subsequent decade and a half in western Europe, where he emerged as a prominent figure in the international revolutionary movement and became the leader of the 'Bolshevik' faction of the Russian Social Democratic Worker's Party.

Later life

In 1917, exhausted by World War One, Russia was ripe for change. Lenin returned home and started working against the Provisional Government that had overthrown the Tsar. He eventually led what was soon to be known as the October Revolution, but was effectively a coup d'etat. Almost three years of civil war followed. The Bolsheviks were victorious and assumed total control of the country. During this period of revolution, war and famine, Lenin demonstrated a chilling disregard for the sufferings of his fellow countrymen and mercilessly crushed any opposition.

During the civil war he implemented the catastrophic "war communism" which greatly contributed to the mass starvation, among many other negative effects. Views differ on whether "war communism" was intended to be an emergency measure or was an attempt to immediately implement a true communist economic system (and expected to have immediate and large scale positive effects). Regardless, Lenin abandoned it and instead implemented the "New Economic Policy", where a measure of private enterprise was again permitted, a policy that continued for several years after his death.

In 1918, Lenin narrowly survived an assassination attempt, but was severely wounded. His long term health was affected, and in 1922 he suffered a stroke from which he never fully recovered. In his declining years, he worried about the bureaucratisation of the regime and also expressed concern over the increasing power of his eventual successor Joseph Stalin. He describes Stalin with words as "personal rudeness, unnecessary roughness, lack of finesse", flaws "intolerable in a Secretary-General". Lenin died on 24 January 1924.

In a quasi-religious manner, a cult of personality devoted to Lenin began to develop already during his lifetime. His corpse was embalmed and placed on public display in a mausoleum on Moscow's Red Square.

Intellectual cowardice and dishonesty

Lenin developed the contemporary Marxist concept of "imperialism" in his 1917 work called Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism. The direct inspiration for this was Imperialism: A Study authored in 1902 by John A. Hobson, a British socialist who was opposed to the Anglo-Boer War, which was fought to put Jewish randlords in control of the gold and diamond mines of South Africa. In the original work by Hobson, he explicitly demonstrates that Ashkenazi Jews are the predominating force which are entangling nations in wars for the imperialism of high finance; he specifically uses the word "Jews" and "Rothschild". Lenin does not use either of these words in his derivative work and his followers to this day. Lenin's concealment appears to be motivated by his own Jewish ancestry. Henry Hyndman, a dissident Marxist of the age, like Hobson criticised the imperialism of Jewish finance and the Rothschilds by name, unlike Lenin, he had no known Jewish ancestry.

Foreign support for Lenin's regime

Relatively well-known is that during World War One, Lenin was permitted to return to Russia from Switzerland by the German Empire which hoped that this would cause Russia to withdraw from the war (which also occurred).

Less well-known is that influential and often Jewish financial interests in the US and UK supported the February Revolution and the Bolsheviks before and after the October Revolution. Officially this was to support the war effort during WWI by countering German influence in order to keep Russia in the war against Germany and even to help the Bolsheviks spread communist propaganda in Germany in order to cause unrest and thus weaken Germany during the war. Other argued motivations include that the foreign financial interests wanted to open up Russia for global business exploitation of its resources (resisted by the Czarist regime) and that Lenin's New Economic Policy was seen as signaling a return of capitalism. Another argued motivation is foreign Jewish sympathies with the Jewish influenced Bolshevik regime and opposition to the anti-Semitic Czarist regime (see also Jews and Communism). [2][3]

Quotes

Comments about Lenin

Lenin was sent into Russia by the Germans in the same way that you might send a phial containing a culture of typhoid or of cholera to be poured into the water supply of a great city, and it worked with amazing accuracy. No sooner did Lenin arrive than he began beckoning a finger here and a finger there to obscure persons in sheltered retreats in New York, in Glasgow, in Berne, and other countries, and he gathered together the leading spirits of a formidable sect, the most formidable sect in the world, of which he was the high priest and chief. With these spirits around him he set to work with demoniacal ability to tear to pieces every institution on which the Russian State and nation depended. Russia was laid low. Russia had to be laid low. She was laid low to the dust.

Winston Churchill, 6 November 1919, House of Commons.[4]

Under the revolutionary regimes of Lenin and the early Stalin the former majority population of Eastern Slavs (Russians, Ukrainians, White Russians) in their own country were dispossessed and put under the jurisdiction of the prerevolutionary minority peoples (Jews, Georgians, Latvians, Poles, and Armenians). The October Revolution differed substantially from earlier Western revolutions as, for example, when Frenchmen were pitted against Frenchmen in the French Revolution or when Englishmen fought against fellow Englishmen in the American Revolution for the purpose of improving conditions for the less fortunate. In Russia in 1917, international misfits provided much of the leadership for that revolution as part of a world conspiracy to bring down all other governments that did not accept the dictatorial teaching of Karl Marx and his disciples.

—Sergei Semanov, 2012, The Russian Club: Why the Jews Will Not Win.[5]

External links

References

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.
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