The German V-2 (German: Vergeltungswaffe 2, "Retribution Weapon 2") was the world's first long-range guided ballistic missile, The V-2 rocket also became the first man-made object to travel into space. It was used as a "retribution weapon" for the Bombing of Germany during World War II.
Earlier ballistic missile designs started in the 1930s.
As Germany collapsed, teams from the Allied forces—the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union—raced to capture key German manufacturing sites and technology. Wernher von Braun and over 100 key V-2 personnel surrendered to the Americans and many of the original V-2 team ended up working for the United States. The US also captured enough V-2 hardware to build approximately 80 of the missiles. The Soviets gained possession of the V-2 manufacturing facilities after the war, re-established V-2 production, and moved it to the Soviet Union.