University of California
The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. Under the California Master Plan for Higher Education, the University of California is a part of the state's three-tier public higher education system, which also includes the California State University system and the California Community Colleges system.
Its first campus, UC Berkeley, was founded in 1868, while its tenth and newest campus, UC Merced, opened for classes in fall 2005. All ten campuses enroll both undergraduate and graduate students, with one exception: UCSF enrolls only graduate and professional students in the medical and health sciences. In addition, the independently administered UC Hastings — located in San Francisco but not part of the UCSF campus — enrolls only graduate and professional students in legal studies.
The University of California's campuses boast large numbers of distinguished faculty in almost every field. Eight of its undergraduate campuses are ranked among the top 100, six among the top 50, and two among the top 25 U.S. universities by both the U.S. News and World Report and the Academic Ranking of World Universities.
- Established in March 1873, UCSF is the second oldest UC campus and operates four major campus sites within the city of San Francisco and one in Fresno. See: University of California, San Francisco #History.
- Hastings has a unique relationship with the University of California. In 1878, when Justice Serranus Clinton Hastings gave $100,000 to the University of California to start the law school bearing his name, he imposed two conditions: (1) the school must remain in San Francisco near the courts and (2) it could not be governed by the Regents of the University of California. See: University of California, Hastings College of the Law #History. Thus, UC Hastings functions as an eleventh UC campus, one of two in San Francisco. Consequently, the UCSF Police Department does not provide police services for the UC Hastings campus in downtown San Francisco. Instead, UC Hastings has its own internal Department of Public Safety & Security. See: University of California Police Department #UCPD, San Francisco, at Hastings College of Law.
- Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2007). Academic Ranking of World Universities. Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved on 2009-05-24.