Treaty of Vereeniging
The Treaty of Vereeniging (sometimes referred to as Peace of Vereeniging) (see  for original text) was a treaty signed on 31 May 1902 to end the Second Anglo-Boer War between the South African Republic and the Republic of the Orange Free State on one side and Great Britain on the other.
This settlement provided for the end of hostilities and eventual self-government to the Transvaal (South African Republic) and the Orange Free State as colonies of the British Empire. The Boer republics agreed to come under the sovereignty of the British monarch and the British government agreed on various details including the following:
- To eventually give the Transvaal and the Orange Free State self-government (granted in 1906 and 1907, respectively).
- To pay the Afrikaners £3,000,000 in reconstruction aid.
- To allow the use of Dutch (later Afrikaans) in the schools and law courts.
Subsequent to the British government giving the Boer colonies self-government, the Union of South Africa was created on 31 May 1910. It later gained complete independence under the 1926 Imperial Conference and the 1931 Statute of Westminster. It became a republic in 1961.