Treaties of Nijmegen

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The Treaties of Peace of Nijmegen (Negotiations de Nimegue or Negotiations de la Paix de Nimegue) were a series of treaties, signed in the Dutch city of Nijmegen, August 1678 - December 1679, ending war between various countries, including France, Dutch Republic, Spain, Brandenburg, Sweden, Denmark, Münster, the Holy Roman Empire m.m, during the Franco-Dutch War (1672-1678).

The Franco-Dutch War led to several separate wars, which usually go by separate names, like the Third Anglo-Dutch War or Scanian War, but which were directly caused by, and really form part of, the Franco-Dutch War. England was initially participating in the war on the French side but withdrew in 1674 in the Treaty of Westminster.

The negotiations started in 1676, but nothing was agreed to and signed before 1678. These treaties did not result in a lasting peace. Some of the countries involved signed peace deals elsewhere, such as the Treaty of Celle (Sweden made peace with Lüneburg), Treaty of Saint-Germain (France and Sweden made peace with Brandenburg) and Treaty of Fontainebleau (French dictated peace between Sweden and Denmark-Norway).

Under the treaty that ended the Franco-Dutch War, France gained control of the Franche-Comté, Artois as well as some cities in Flanders and Hainaut (from Spain).

Some treaties signed in Nijmegen

  • August 10, 1678 – France and the Dutch republic signed a peace. Sweden was not part of the treaty, but a paragraph in the treaty forced the Dutch republic to take a neutral approach toward Sweden, with which they had been at war since 1675.
  • September 19, 1678 – France and Spain signed a peace.
  • January 26, 1679 – France signed a peace with the Holy Roman Empire.
  • January 26, 1679 – Sweden signed a peace with the Holy Roman Empire.
  • March 19, 1679 – Sweden signed a peace with Münster. The treaty also called for all of Münster's soldiers in Danish war-service to be withdrawn.
  • October 2, 1679 – Sweden signed a peace with the Dutch Republic.
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