The Rule of the Inferior

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A version of a German cover of The Rule of the Inferior

The Rule of the Inferiour: Its Disintegration and Removal Through a New Reich by Edgar Julius Jung is his major political treatise which was originally published in 1930 as Die Herrschaft der Minderwertigen, ihr Zerfall und ihre Ablösung durch ein neues Reich (Note that the term "Inferiour" is a British English spelling of "Inferior"). The translator, Alexander Jacob produced the first and only English edition in 1995 with a large introduction and notes, sold in two volumes; the first volume being 428 pages and the second 396 pages.

Book Description

This translation of Jung's major political treatise (2nd edition, 1930) is published in English in the hope that it will enlighten readers with regard to the ideology of the neoconservative movement in the Weimar Republic. While the neoconservatives were not identical with the Nazis and even opposed them, the close similarities between the two should not be overlooked. As the purpose of this translation is to revive the work as a document of political science, rather than of history, only the first four parts of the work are presented, dealing with the intellectual foundations of statecraft, the society and state, culture, and economics, and five chapters of the last part dealing with the theoretical aspects of Jung's political views. (Alexander Jacob, from his preface to The Rule of the Inferiour)


  • "The ideal of equality has been recognized as a regulator of the ideal of freedom. No wonder, that both occur in history combined, although they are contradictions on the other hand. For the realization of freedom of the individual in the community would, due to the unequal distribution of power, destroy equality. Nevertheless, the French Revolution brought the demand for equality and its recognition as the precondition of freedom. As they transferred God into this world, they disregarded also the essence of true freedom through their politicization. The ethical concept of freedom was equated with the political and mixed with it. Freedom was thus from the high priestess of morality made the whore of political liberalism."
  • "The difference between previous and coming culture is conditioned by the degree of the mastery of natural forces. Proud is this real progress to merge with the new faith. But the pathetic condescension of the "enlightened" people, who suspect everywhere natural scientific causes, will cease. For what does it signify for the meaning of history, what for the battle of each human soul and the experience of God, whether or not humans are "descended" from apes? However petty, however, is the nonsense of wanting to make a worldview out of the doubtful results of such researches."
  • "According to a well-known law of economics even the most amazing inventions do not reduce the amount of toil and drudgery; at each ascending level, human demands increase. With each succeeding step, the external picture becomes more splendid, but the internal expenditure of toil, misery, and effort on the part of the great mass of men for their indispensable daily bread remains the same."
  • "It is true that the Jews are individualistic and therefore the people born to collectivism. They have little understanding of the Fuastian battle for inner freedom... The notion of immortality, one of the demands of practical reason in Kant, is among the Jews transferred from the metaphysical realm to the this-worldly."
  • "We battle for the living community, in order to rescue the soul and the personality. In us lives the spirit of all the great people who, wherever they were, were against the rule of the masses."
  • "The sum of men with equal rights forms the modern society. Without the spirit of true community, without inner binding, they live in dumb spitefulness beside one another. Formal courtesy and badly warmed up humanity conceal strenuous envy, dislike, and joylessness."
  • "A great part of German literateurs mimes a delayed Jacobinism. People strive enthusiastically to combat and destroy the slightest traces of authority, reverence, and sense of honour, without which the community spirit cannot live."
  • "Perhaps the turn will only succeed when tragedy once again is held up as a model. If the German people see that, among them, combatants still live, then they become aware also of combat as the highest form of existence. The German destiny calls for men who master it. For, world-history makes the man."
  • "...if, for practical and technical reasons, instead of the people (in a democracy), trusted persons of the people would decide, even a sole trusted man could indeed decide in the name of the same people in place of the parliament without the basic law of democracy being injured."
  • "The state as the highest order of organic community must be an aristocracy; in the last and highest sense: the rule of the best. Even democracy was founded with this claim."
  • "In all ages, great leaders have come from the lowest strata of the people, without asking whether a formal democratic constitution would permit them."
  • "This hostility to money, insofar as it is more than envy, insofar as it arises from the moral consciousness of the performance of work, can signify the beginning of a new social ethics."
  • "Thus does the formation of masses and the lack of true rule operate destructively on the national cultural character. No one, however, wants to admit this."
  • "The education into a moral man is the will and act of a quite definite world-view circle, which the state can never be termed as. The perfect Eros of the family, beginning with the blood bonds, wishes also the spiritual community with the children."



  • Introduction
    • The Sources of Jung's political system
    • Analysis of Jung's ideal state
    • Jung and the Nazi movement
  • Part I: The Intellectual Foundations of Politics
    • The generation ofthe sacrifice
    • World-view choas
    • The metaphysical Roots of world-view
    • Soul and value
    • Religion and community
    • The victory of the inferiour in the world-war
    • The reversal
    • On the rebirth of the German soul
    • The value-standard of the experience of the whole
    • People, Race, Reich
  • Part III: Culture
    • Culture, soul, German culture
    • Unholy and holy art
    • Culture and education
  • Part II: People, Society, State, Law
    • The possibilites of community-formation
    • The splitting-up of community
    • The battle for the content of the state
    • The modern society
    • The twilight of the family
    • Community and honour
  • Bibliography


  • Part II: People, Society, State, Law (continued)
    • The legal philosophical foundations of Liberalism and democracy
    • The true face of the party
    • The party state
    • From the disintegrated society to the vital community
    • Organic society (community) and state
    • Blood and homeland as the foundations of the community
    • The new leadership
    • The new structure of the Reich
    • The organisation of the Reich
    • Renewal of the law
  • Part IV: Economics
    • Economics and the community
    • Individualistic economics
    • The workers' question
    • Organic economics
    • Supraindividualistic economic policy
    • Exploitation or financial economy?
  • Part V: Population Policy
  • Part VI: Foreign Policy
    • National-cultural foreign policy
    • The European goals
    • Ineffective or false plans
    • The foundation of German federational politics
    • The age of the Germans
  • Epilogue: Thought and Deed
  • Bibliography

Publication Data

  • Edgar Julius Jung. The Rule of the Inferiour. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 1995.

Note on Publication: Only a small amount of copies of The Rule of the Inferiour were printed by Edwin Mellon Press so it is sold at very high prices.

Note: It is recommended to those who cannot access Jung's book to read other works overviewing his thought; see especially the sections on Jung in Alexander Jacob's Europa, Alexander Jacob's "The Neo-Conservative Reich of Edgar Julius Jung" (in: The Scorpion, Issue 19), the chapter on Jung in Walter Struve's Elites Against Democracy; Leadership Ideals in Bourgeois Political Thought in Germany, 1890-1933 (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University, 1973), and Larry Eugene Jones' "Edgar Julius Jung: The Conservative Revolution in Theory and Practice" (Conference Group for Central European History of the American Historical Association, vol. 21, Issue 02, 1988, p. 142-174).

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